Imagine if you had to pay a tiny deposit on all packaging you purchased, which would be refunded when you returned the packaging. This would encourage people to recycle, as throwing everything in a big black plastic bag wouldn't get them their money back. It would also encourage companies to produce products with less packaging because that would mean their products would appear cheaper on the shelves.
The infrastructure needed to manage this would be intense, but if done correctly it could open up many new jobs across the country and also make people and companies more aware of what they are wasting.
See also this post, about Extended Producer Responsibility.